In 1543 during the colonial period, Antigua Guatemala was once the capital for the entire Central America, as it was a home to the Spanish Viceroy House. Buildings of Spanish style can be seen everywhere in the city where tourists can have the opportunity to see the typical checkerboard streets, baroque churches, city concourses, and noble mansions, leaving people a lot to the imaginative of the charms in its prime. The destruction of City of Antigua in a deadly earthquake hit in Guatemala in 1773, the government of Guatemala relocated the capital to Guatemala City in 1776. The City of Antigua Guatemala is about 45km to the west of Guatemala City. Though many ancient relics were ruined during the massive earthquake, some of the buildings such as churches and monasteries are still given much attention till date. The old city was recognized as the capital of world heritage in 1979. Rich tourism resources, political and economic cultures, religious characteristics, and comfortable hotel facilities at reasonable price the city enjoys are the major reasons to attract volumes of tourists.
Located at an altitude of approximately 2030 meters above the sea level, Chichicastenango seems to be an isolated but a plateau city filled with religious and mysterious features, and the city has become one of the important tourism hubs well equipped with comprehensive board and lodging and transportation facilities. Besides, holiday market with various folk artworks, precious stones, and jade sold also draw masses of tourists to pay a visit. On the other hand, church in the tribe has not only held catholic religious rituals, but also inherited the sacrifice offerings ceremony Maya civilization. Paying a visit to Church of Santo Tomas will lead you to experience different religious features.
Located at the central area of Peten Plain where Maya used to inhabit, Tikal was once the center of religion, commerce, and administrative for Maya from 250 to 900 AD when the Maya always traveled across the tropic rain forest to the city to engage in various kinds of activities. As of date, the central concourse for offering sacrifice is still preserved in Tikal. In its prime, the pyramid temples at the concourse amounted to more than 3,000, and the imperial palace and residence of nobility situate between each temple. At the platform in front of the temple, there stand rows of monuments and stone plaques extolling the achievements of kings of Tikal. The prosperous activity center suddenly faded in 10 A.D, and was only rediscovered at the end of 19th century and early 20th century. Among many of the Maya relics housed in Tikal Museum, there are items such as pottery containers, sculptures, jade accessories, and animal skeletons.